Monday, September 1, 2008

Ramadan Starts-Is the world at peace?

Muslims mark fasting month of Ramadan

CAIRO (AFP) -- Muslims around the world begin the fasting and feasting month of Ramadan.

The start of the ninth and holiest month in the Muslim calendar is determined by the sighting of the new moon, which means Muslims in various countries begin Ramadan at dawn either on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday.

Followers are required to abstain from food, drink and sex from dawn to dusk -- and ideally violence -- during the lunar month while gorging on sunset “iftar” meals rendered difficult for many by the global food crisis.

Iranians will start Ramadan on Tuesday (today), with office hours cut down from eight to five.

Iranian police have issued a warning to crack down on people violating a ban on eating and drinking in public as well as eateries offering food before iftar except for designated places on the roads for travelers.

Pakistan's government marked Ramadan by halting a major military campaign against rebels on its border with Afghanistan, launched after intense pressure from Western nations.

Taliban militants freed six Pakistani soldiers of the 30 they are holding after they drew lots, with the insurgents pledging not to attack others in a “goodwill gesture” to mark the start of Ramadan.

In Iraq, the start of Ramadan saw the U.S. military hand over security control of Anbar, once the most explosive battlefield in Iraq, to local forces.

Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki said Iraqis will celebrate Ramadan amid an overall drop in violence across the country.

Ramadan in Lebanon comes after a break in the country's long-running political -- and sporadic military -- strife which allowed for a relatively good tourist season over the summer.

Soaring food prices have however left many Lebanese worried about making ends meet, with charities working to provide low-income families with food and other necessities to survive the month.

Persian Gulf governments enjoying windfalls from high crude prices and high-profile companies are keen to be seen to be sharing some of their wealth with the less fortunate, splashing out on free iftars for the poor.

With inflation running in double digits in many Muslim nations, governments have been trying to ensure an adequate supply of staples in order to prevent retailers from taking advantage of Ramadan to raise prices.

Many governments have warned they would close food outlets found raising their prices.

In Jordan, authorities reduced prices of fuel by around six percent to help cashed-strapped citizens cope with soaring prices, which more than doubled since last year.

In the impoverished Gaza Strip, Muslims braced for another holiday under a crippling blockade, with Israel having sealed off the territory from all but basic goods since the Islamic resistance movement Hamas took power in June 2007.

“Ramadan this year is like any other month, because you don't see any of the things that make it special,” says Mohammed Abu Sultan, a father of four shopping for decorative lanterns.

For many Muslims, Ramadan also means spending time with friends and family watching lavish television productions filmed especially for the festive season.

However, the Egyptian Gazette quoted one man as being “shocked that state-run and privately owned studios wasted 500 million Egyptian pounds (93 million dollars) on producing TV soap operas to be show in Ramadan.”

“They did not spend a small fraction of this huge amount of money on helping the poor enjoy a decent meal during this holy month,” he said.

Cairo shopper Siham says that Ramadan isn't what it used to be.

“Everything has become too expensive,” she said. “I used to buy things without really counting because Ramadan is a feast, but now I have to carefully calculate everything I spend.”

Turkish Muslims meanwhile resolved a debate about whether they could resort to appetite suppressing diet patches to get through the daily fast after theologists reassured them they have nothing to worry about.

The patches, cannot be considered as corrupting the fast because their effect amounts to “showering or applying a pomade on the skin” rather than eating, theology professor Kerim Yavuz said.

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