|Financial crisis hangs over Davos|
The World Economic Forum has got under way in Davos, Switzerland, as the International Monetary Fund predicted global growth is set to fall to its slowest pace in six decades.
In a sharp downward revision of its November forecasts, the organisation said world growth was projected to fall in 2009 to "its lowest rate since World War II", reaching just 0.5 per cent.
PricewaterhouseCooper, the financial consultant company, had earlier released a report in the Swiss ski resort showing confidence among business leaders around the world had hit a new low.
The hopes of more than 1,100 chief executive officers worldwide that the global recession would be short and sharp had all but evaporated, the findings suggested.
The dismal economic forecasts have put a damper on the normally glitzy start of the annual four-day economic summit.
The financial crisis has also meant that politicians are taking centre-stage at the summit over the rich bankers and other financial heavyweights who normally run the show.
More than 70,000 job cuts were announced on Monday this week alone and world leaders are hoping to find ways out of recession.
Arriving in Davos on Wednesday, Rupert Murdoch, the chairman of News Corp, a media conglomerate, said the economic crisis was deepening.
"It's going to take drastic action to turn it around, if it can be turned around quickly. Personally, I believe it will take some time," he said.
"The great majority of the people in the world are depressed and traumatised by the fact that their savings, the wealth in their homes or pension funds ... a big percentage of it has disappeared."
Trevor Manuel, South Africa's finance minister, said there was a risk developed nations would emerge from the crisis with massive debts.
He said wealthy nations appeared to be adopting a "lemming-like approach, trying to get to the precipice without knowing what their money would buy".
Wen Jiabao, the Chinese prime minister, said in a speech to the forum that the global economic crisis was having a "big impact" on his country's economy and posed "major challenges".
Wen called on rich countries to "assume their responsibilities" and minimise the impact of the financial crisis on developing countries.
He said: "When governments fufil their responsibilities with resolution and courage they can help maintain a stable financial order and prevent the crisis from causing more serious damage on the world economy.
"Political leaders must be forward-looking. They should be responsible to the entire financial community as well as to their own countries and people".
China has sent one of its biggest-ever delegations to the forum, which some analysts interpreted as a sign of Beijing's desire to engage with the rest of the world in finding a way out of the crisis.
Officially opening the summit, Vladimir Putin, the Russian prime minister, called the international economic crisis the "perfect storm".
He said: "There is the notion of the 'perfect storm' when the natural elements come to a point and multiply their destructive capacity. This crisis looks exactly like this perfect storm."
Speaking to Al Jazeera, Lionel Barber, the editor of London's Financial Timesnewspaper, said economies should be looking to the US for a way out of the crisis.
Barber said: "America is spending too much and China is saving too little, so we need to get the economies back in balance and the key players are America and China.
"The biggest myth in this story was that, somehow, the rest of the world could decouple from the American economy, that they were strong enough ... to stand on their own two feet."
But Barber said this was wrong "because they depend on American growth, American markets".
"So all eyes I'm afraid, even though they are on Davos this week, should be on Washington," he said.
Thursday, January 29, 2009
Posted by Saigon Charlie